Integration, 1954 Brown Vs. Board of EducationBrown vs. Board of Education was a court case that reached the Supreme Court. This case changed schools in the United States of America forever. It ended segregation in schools for good on May 17th, 1964.Oliver Brown and thirteen other parents' court case began in 1951. The reason they used his name because his was the first listed in the lawsuit. The previous year, 1950, Oliver Brown along with thirteen other parents in Topeka, Kansas tried to enroll their African American children at "white" schools.The schools wouldn't accept them due entirely to race. Motivated by their children's education, the parents filed a lawsuit against the Topeka Board of Education.One of the Browns' children, Linda Brown, had to walk a mile to attend school. all of her other white friends went to a school a few blocks away. Linda Browns' parents sued in their federal district court with the argument that having seperate facilities for blacks was unequal and unfair. Topeka, the city in Kansas Linda Brown lived in, had a school system based on race. The arrangement of having blacks and whites attend different schools was legal, because the lower courts said that the facilities were equal. Therefore, since the facilites were equal, the black child was being treated equally as a white child as written in the fourteenth amendment.Education was not fair back then, for every $150 spent on a white student, $50 were spent on a black student. Further reasoning for the parents enrolling their children was that colored schools in Topeka had a lack of supplies, out-dated textbooks, and crowded classrooms.After Oliver Brown's daughter was declined, he began to work with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The NAACP provided lawyers and they began a lawsuit for African American Children all over the United States. NAACP also started this fight before the lawsuit. They started to challenge segregation in 1935.Screen_shot_2012-01-13_at_2.04.21_PM.pngbrown_vs._board.jpg
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Sources:

http://www.core-online.org/History/brown_vs_board.htm

http://cjonline.com/indepth/brown/multimedia/

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/brown-v-board/timeline.html

http://umfmarcy.wikispaces.com/Brown+vs+Board

http://www.pbs.org/jefferson/enlight/brown.htm

http://unit8meredithj09.wikispaces.com/Brown+vs.+Board

http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112391/brown_v__board_of_education.htm