Jim Crow Laws

What were the Jim Crow Laws?

Jim Crow was a racial caste system mostly followed in southern states between 1877 and 1964. Jim Crow was not only a set of rigid anti-African American laws, but it was a way of life. When following the rules of Jim Crow, African-Americans were referred to as “second class citizens”. Many Christian ministers and theologians taught their pupils that Whites were the Chosen people, that God supported racial separation and that Blacks were bound and cursed to be servants. During that time period, a person who was at least ⅛ African American was considered to be “different”. Living during this time period was hard, very hard.LAWS:
1. A Black man could not offer to shake hands with a white man. A Black man could not offer his hand or any part of his body to a white women because he risked being accused of rape.
2. Black people and white people were not allowed to eat together unless the white people were served first and there was a divider between them.
3. A Black man could not light a cigarette for a white woman because this gesture implied intimacy.
4. Black people were not allowed to show affection towards one another in public.
5. Black people had to be introduced to white people, not white people introduced to Black people.
6. White people did not use courtesy titles(Mr., Miss., Mrs., Sir) to address black people, but black people had to use them when addressing white people, and were not allowed to call them by their first names.
7. If a black person rode in a car with a white person, they had to sit in the back seat or on the back of the truck.
8. White people driving cars always had the right of way.
JIM CROW ETIQUETTE FOR BLACK PEOPLE TALKING TO WHITE PEOPLE:


“1. Never assert or even intimate that a White person is lying.
2. Never impute dishonorable intentions to a White person.
3. Never suggest that a White person is from an inferior class.
4. Never lay claim to, or overly demonstrate, superior knowledge or intelligence.
5. Never curse a White person.
6. Never laugh derisively at a White person.
7. Never comment upon the app
earance of a White female.”



Violence and Jim Crow Laws
Violence was instrumental to Jim Crow laws. It was a method of social control used when these laws were broken. The most extremes forms of Jim Crow violence were lynchings. Lynchings were public murders. The great majority of lynchings occurred in the border and southern states. Many white people claimed that although lynchings were distasteful they were necessary supplements to the criminal justice system because african-american people were prone violent crimes.


Works Cited
__http://raisinsun9.wikispaces.com/Jim+Crow+Laws__
__http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm__
__http://www.yourvietnam.com/2012/01/ohio-landlord-wants-panel-to-reconsider-white-only-sign-ruling/__
__http://academic.udayton.edu/race/02rights/jcrow02.htm__